Archive for November, 2007

gps and root server constellations

Thursday, November 29th, 2007

The GPS constellation is paid for by the US government, so it makes sense for them to control it. (funded by US taxpayer)

The constellation of root servers is NOT paid for by the US government, so it does NOT make sense for them to exercise control. (indirectly funded by those who use the Internet around the globe. IANA contract is for $0.00.)

Another clear reason for USG un-involvement in the root. It is a plus that there does not exist a legal relationship between the root server operators or the RIRs and ICANN.

With regard to other Internet identifier (e.g. port numbers, etc..) assignments – the Internet public gets a great deal. Registering the various types of Internet identifiers, of which there are 100’s, is all free! Imagine any other organization (e.g. ITU) doing that.

This is all so simple to make go away

Wednesday, November 21st, 2007

With the building consensus that ICANN although not perfect is the best we have, the whole reason for the WSIS-IGF (started by China, ITU, etc..) – US govt involvement – can be easily eliminated.  The US govt may have been needed to protect ICANN during the attempted UN takeovers but now I think ICANN is strong enough to stand on its own.   They can step out of the way now.  Contrary to technically challenged conspiracy theorists they dont do anything except rubber stamp a root zone file anyway.  The real problem will be how to get the bureaucrats and academics (in ICANN, government ministries, universities, foundations, etc) to let go of these “travel funding” issues.

ultimate choice still lies with the user

Tuesday, November 20th, 2007

Lets not forget the USER has the power to pick which set of root servers – dnssec or not – he or she trusts. This could be IANA ones, ORSN ones, or their own set. The root information is public by definition so anyone can build a root server and maintain their own root zone file. The value to the user of one server versus another lies in how consistent the contents of the server are as well as how reliable it is.

Nice stuff guys but…

Friday, November 16th, 2007

…though it would have been more useful BEFORE the IGF!!

The truth about DoC control

Thursday, November 15th, 2007

Relavant contracts in reverse chronological order:

Appendix A – they just made it more vague but DoC is still in there.
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/iana/ianacontract_081406.doc
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/iana/ianacontract_08142006b.doc

Para 13  “The Expiration Date of the Cooperative Agreement shall be November 10, 2007.”
IANA can now publish the root themselves – after DoC aproval.
Amendment 24 to Verisign Cooperative agreement
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/agreements/amend24_52501.htm

Para  C.2.1.1.2 …but IANA cannot do the modifications changes of domain names themselves..
but IANA is free to take care of IP addresses and port numbers
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/iana/2003/ianaorder_03142003.htm

…Verisign publishes the root zone file…
Amendment 11 to Verisign Cooperative agreement
http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/domainname/proposals/docnsi100698.htm

ITU not to reglate Internet

Wednesday, November 14th, 2007

Quoting Zahid Jamil, an eloquent attorney from Pakistan: “It is not the job of the ITU to regulate the Internet”

access versus “network externalities”

Wednesday, November 14th, 2007

Regarding the argument against bottom-up, free market based solutions to Internet access in developing countries and the promotion of telcom subsidies from developing countries (via ITU), here are some opinions based on past experience.

  • New IT businesses. Protect and nurture that entrepreneur. Don’t tax him or allow criminals to crush his business through extortion.
  • Don’t wait for developed countries. Look at Baidu! Local content – local network. Beating Google at their own game by using the home turf advantage. [No need for high bandwidth links to the outside. Build the local network.]
  • Big Bandwidth. It doesn’t have to be all or nothing – look at SMS! Build infrastructure incrementally. This is how it was done in the U.S. Its about unfettered communication between people – not downloading movies from Hollywood.
  • Globally its about success. Your people are just as smart as their people. They may have different motivators but we all have the same goals. You don’t need them!
  • Success attracts success. Let them communicate their successes to others and the world by giving them an open, minimally regulated (taxed) environment to grow their business and ideas in.

Making sure no one on the Internet gets the same address

Wednesday, November 14th, 2007

Coordination, Policy, Funding, and Data (actual Internet) paths between the entities that make sure IP addresses, domain names, and port numbers are unique.

Entities: ICANN, IANA, ISOC, IETF, IAB, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE, AFRINIC, NIR, NRO, ISP, network operators, routers, governments, businesses, individuals, registrars, registries, root zone operators, root zone servers, hints file, DoC, VRSN, ccTLD.

All this just to make sure no one on the Internet gets the same address…!! Postel must be laughing.


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No DNS at all

Wednesday, November 14th, 2007

No DNS at all

The next generation may not need DNS at all.  Ask anyone under 20.  They just “Google-it”, not type in a domain name.  This doesnt mean DNS should go away.  But if we focus too much on DNS, we will have all missed the boat.  To quote from the IGF chatroom “..Facebook’s owner never cared about ICANN or resources. The Internet’s resource is the user!…”

Welcome

Wednesday, November 14th, 2007

Feel free to post information and articles that you think will help the un-seasoned IGF participant understand the real issues and not waste their time tilting at windmills.

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